The Association for Learning Technology (ALT) represents individual and organisational Members from all sectors and parts of the UK. Our Membership includes practitioners, researchers and policy makers with an interest in Learning Technology. Our community grows more diverse as Learning Technology has become recognised as a fundamental part of learning, teaching and assessment. Our charitable objective is “to advance education through increasing, exploring and disseminating knowledge in the field of Learning Technology for the benefit of the general public”. We have led professionalisation in Learning Technology since 1993. What we value and what we do Our current strategy sets out our aims for 2017-2020: Increasing the impact of Learning Technology for the wider community, strengthening recognition and representation for the Membership at a national level and leading professionalisation for individual Learning Technology professionals in a broad range of roles. You can explore the strategy slides, download the full text in PDF or Google docs. Visual content is available on Flickr.
Many, such as the Luddites and prominent philosopher Martin Heidegger, hold serious, although not entirely, deterministic reservations about technology (see “The Question Concerning Technology”). According to Heidegger scholars Hubert Dreyfus and Charles Spinosa, “Heidegger does not oppose technology. He hopes to reveal the essence of technology in a way that ‘in no way confines us to a stultified compulsion to push on blindly with technology or, what comes to the same thing, to rebel helplessly against it.’ Indeed, he promises that ‘when we once open ourselves expressly to the essence of technology, we find ourselves unexpectedly taken into a freeing claim.’ What this entails is a more complex relationship to technology than either techno-optimists or techno-pessimists tend to allow.”
Technology can be viewed as an activity that forms or changes culture. Additionally, technology is the application of math, science, and the arts for the benefit of life as it is known. A modern example is the rise of communication technology, which has lessened barriers to human interaction and as a result has helped spawn new subcultures; the rise of cyberculture has at its basis the development of the Internet and the computer. Not all technology enhances culture in a creative way; technology can also help facilitate political oppression and war via tools such as guns. As a cultural activity, technology predates both science and engineering, each of which formalize some aspects of technological endeavor.
Yet, because technology is everywhere and has dramatically changed landscapes and societies, Hughes argues that engineers, scientists, and managers have often believed that they can use technology to shape the world as they want. They have often supposed that technology is easily controllable and this assumption has to be thoroughly questioned. For instance, Evgeny Morozov particularly challenges two concepts: “Internet-centrism” and “solutionism.” Internet-centrism refers to the idea that our society is convinced that the Internet is one of the most stable and coherent forces. Solutionism is the ideology that every social issue can be solved thanks to technology and especially thanks to the internet. In fact, technology intrinsically contains uncertainties and limitations. According to Alexis Madrigal’s review of Morozov’s theory, to ignore it will lead to “unexpected consequences that could eventually cause more damage than the problems they seek to address.” Benjamin R. Cohen and Gwen Ottinger also discussed the multivalent effects of technology.
Technology Come watch a supercomputer simulation of a devastating tornado The storm is made up of nearly 2 billion data points By Rob Verger posted Mar 16th, 2017 Leigh Orf wants to unravel the mysteries of tornado formation. But it’s not something he could just do on a laptop. Read on. Technology This robot is perfectly designed to drill tiny tunnels in your skull The world’s first robot-assisted cochlear implantation By Rachel Feltman posted Mar 15th, 2017 Cochlear implantation surgeries just got a robotic assistant. Read on. Technology Passwords suck, but lip-reading computers won’t save us Although biometrics are slowly helping By Rob Verger posted Mar 15th, 2017 A researcher at Hong Kong Baptist University has proposed using lip movement to augment passwords. Read on. Technology Levi’s new Bluetooth-connected jacket seems both cool and weird It’s smart, but is it smart? By Rob Verger posted Mar 14th, 2017 The clothing is intriguing because it incorporates touch control right into the jacket’s sleeve. Read on. Military A new legged robot wants to wobble, crawl, and bounce its way into the market Minitaur wants to get a leg up on wheeled robots By Kelsey D. Atherton posted Mar 10th, 2017 Minitaur legged robot can go places wheels can’t. Read on. Technology Google just made the internet a tiny bit less annoying See ya, CAPTCHA! By Rob Verger posted Mar 10th, 2017 On Wednesday, Google launched “Invisible reCAPTCHA,” a service that works in the background as a gatekeeper without a human having to do anything.
News MRC Technology monetises royalties on cancer drug Keytruda® (pembrolizumab) to expand medical research activities, with a fund managed by DRI Capital About Us MRC Technology is an independent life science medical research charity committed to drastically improving positive patient outcomes everywhere. As a champion for human health, MRC Technology partners with academic, biotechnology, pharmaceutical, and charity organisations to move promising medical research forward into viable and accessible patient treatments. Our people combine commercialisation and technology transfer/IP management skills with diagnostic and drug discovery expertise, specialising in small molecule and therapeutic antibodies. MRC Technology projects have led to the approved drugs Tysabri®, Actemra®, Entyvio® and Keytruda®, changing the lives of countless patients by harnessing the potential of science.
Technology can be most broadly defined as the entities, both material and immaterial, created by the application of mental and physical effort in order to achieve some value. In this usage, technology refers to tools and machines that may be used to solve real-world problems. It is a far-reaching term that may include simple tools, such as a crowbar or wooden spoon, or more complex machines, such as a space station or particle accelerator. Tools and machines need not be material; virtual technology, such as computer software and business methods, fall under this definition of technology. W. Brian Arthur defines technology in a similarly broad way as “a means to fulfill a human purpose.”
The word “technology” can also be used to refer to a collection of techniques. In this context, it is the current state of humanity’s knowledge of how to combine resources to produce desired products, to solve problems, fulfill needs, or satisfy wants; it includes technical methods, skills, processes, techniques, tools and raw materials. When combined with another term, such as “medical technology” or “space technology,” it refers to the state of the respective field’s knowledge and tools. “State-of-the-art technology” refers to the high technology available to humanity in any field.
Theories of technology often attempt to predict the future of technology based on the high technology and science of the time. As with all predictions of the future, however, technology’s is uncertain.
Technology Reebok’s new biodegradable sneakers are made from corn The sneaker industry continues its quest to ditch petroleum-based materials By Rob Verger posted Apr 6th, 2017 Shoemaker Reebok has chosen corn as a building block for its upcoming sneaker, which is part of its Corn + Cotton initiative. Read on. Technology Navigating with GPS is making our brains lazy Close Google Maps to get a mental workout By Rob Verger posted Apr 4th, 2017 Navigation apps like Google’s Waze reduce the amount of mental power it takes to get from one place to another—and researchers can now literally see the difference in… Technology IBM could have a solution to one of self-driving cars’ biggest problems Who should be behind the wheel, and when? By Rob Verger posted Mar 31st, 2017 Researchers at IBM have patented a new cognitive system that could help determine if and when a person—or the self-driving system—should take control of an autonomous… Technology The government won’t protect your internet privacy, so here’s how to do it yourself Harm mitigation in a suddenly less secure internet By Kelsey D. Atherton posted Mar 30th, 2017 Congress is gutting online privacy. Read on for tips to protect yourself in a much less secure internet. Read on.
The term “technology” rose to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the Second Industrial Revolution. The term’s meanings changed in the early 20th century when American social scientists, beginning with Thorstein Veblen, translated ideas from the German concept of Technik into “technology.” In German and other European languages, a distinction exists between technik and technologie that is absent in English, which usually translates both terms as “technology.” By the 1930s, “technology” referred not only to the study of the industrial arts but to the industrial arts themselves.
In 1937, the American sociologist Read Bain wrote that “technology includes all tools, machines, utensils, weapons, instruments, housing, clothing, communicating and transporting devices and the skills by which we produce and use them.” Bain’s definition remains common among scholars today, especially social scientists, but equally prominent is the definition of technology as applied science, especially among scientists and engineers, although most social scientists who study technology reject this definition. More recently, scholars have borrowed from European philosophers of “technique” to extend the meaning of technology to various forms of instrumental reason, as in Foucault’s work on technologies of the self (techniques de soi).
Project Socrates determined that to rebuild US competitiveness, decision making throughout the US had to readopt technology-based planning. Project Socrates also determined that countries like China and India had continued executing technology-based (while the US took its detour into economic-based) planning, and as a result had considerably advanced the process and were using it to build themselves into superpowers. To rebuild US competitiveness the US decision-makers needed to adopt a form of technology-based planning that was far more advanced than that used by China and India.
technology /tɛkˈnɒl ə dʒi/ Spell Syllables Examples Word Origin See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com noun, plural technologies for 4. 1. the branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation with life, society, and the environment, drawing upon such subjects as industrial arts, engineering, applied science, and pure science. 2. the application of this knowledge for practical ends. 3. the terminology of an art, science, etc.; technical nomenclature. 4. a scientific or industrial process, invention, method, or the like. 5. the sum of the ways in which social groups provide themselves with the material objects of their civilization. Origin of technology Expand Greek 1605-1615 First recorded in 1605-15, technology is from the Greek word technología systematic treatment. See techno-, -logy Related forms Expand antitechnology, noun supertechnology, noun, plural supertechnologies.
Technology How does Los Angeles get its water? From hundreds of miles away, mostly. By Amy Schellenbaum posted Mar 20th, 2017 More people live in the sunbaked cities of Los Angeles County than the local water supply can support. So the metropolis steals what it needs from regions all over… Technology Netflix is launching a simplified rating system to improve its suggestions Plus a new “percentage match” feature By Stan Horaczek posted Mar 17th, 2017 Trials of the binary rating system have shown a 200 percent increase in engagement, according to Netflix. Read on. Technology Building good mobile navigation is super hard. So why is Uber trying it? Redesigning in-app navigation in hopes drivers might actually use it. By Rob Verger posted Mar 17th, 2017 Uber is revving up the mapping features it offers within its own app.
The Association for Learning Technology (ALT) represents individual and organisational Members from all sectors and parts of the UK. Our Membership includes practitioners, researchers and policy makers with an interest in Learning Technology. Our community grows more diverse as Learning Technology has become recognised as a fundamental part of learning, teaching and assessment.
The Technology Code of Practice sets the standard on the best way for government organisations to design, build and buy technology. If you’re designing, building or buying technology for a government organisation, you must follow these guidelines.
Philosophical debates have arisen over the use of technology, with disagreements over whether technology improves the human condition or worsens it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionary movements criticise the pervasiveness of technology in the modern world, arguing that it harms the environment and alienates people; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological progress as beneficial to society and the human condition.
Technology is often a consequence of science and engineering, although technology as a human activity precedes the two fields. For example, science might study the flow of electrons in electrical conductors by using already-existing tools and knowledge. This new-found knowledge may then be used by engineers to create new tools and machines such as semiconductors, computers, and other forms of advanced technology. In this sense, scientists and engineers may both be considered technologists; the three fields are often considered as one for the purposes of research and reference.
Innovations continued through the Middle Ages with innovations such as silk, the horse collar and horseshoes in the first few hundred years after the fall of the Roman Empire. Medieval technology saw the use of simple machines (such as the lever, the screw, and the pulley) being combined to form more complicated tools, such as the wheelbarrow, windmills and clocks. The Renaissance brought forth many of these innovations, including the printing press (which facilitated the greater communication of knowledge), and technology became increasingly associated with science, beginning a cycle of mutual advancement. The advancements in technology in this era allowed a more steady supply of food, followed by the wider availability of consumer goods.
Some of the most poignant criticisms of technology are found in what are now considered to be dystopian literary classics such as Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, Anthony Burgess’s A Clockwork Orange, and George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four. In Goethe’s Faust, Faust selling his soul to the devil in return for power over the physical world is also often interpreted as a metaphor for the adoption of industrial technology. More recently, modern works of science fiction such as those by Philip K. Dick and William Gibson and films such as Blade Runner and Ghost in the Shell project highly ambivalent or cautionary attitudes toward technology’s impact on human society and identity.
He uses two main arguments to defend his point. First, because of recent technological advances, an increasing number of workers are losing their jobs. Yet, scientific evidence fails to clearly demonstrate that technology has displaced so many workers that it has created more problems than it has solved. Indeed, automation threatens repetitive jobs but higher-end jobs are still necessary because they complement technology and manual jobs that “requires flexibility judgment and common sense” remain hard to replace with machines. Second, studies have not shown clear links between recent technology advances and the wage trends of the last decades.
Therefore, recognition of the limitations of technology, and more broadly, scientific knowledge, is needed – especially in cases dealing with environmental justice and health issues. Ottinger continues this reasoning and argues that the ongoing recognition of the limitations of scientific knowledge goes hand in hand with scientists and engineers’ new comprehension of their role. Such an approach of technology and science ” technical professionals to conceive of their roles in the process differently. collaborators in research and problem solving rather than simply providers of information and technical solutions.”
Technology is properly defined as any application of science to accomplish a function. The science can be leading edge or well established and the function can have high visibility or be significantly more mundane, but it is all technology, and its exploitation is the foundation of all competitive advantage.
Project Socrates determined that technology-based planning makes an evolutionary leap forward every few hundred years and the next evolutionary leap, the Automated Innovation Revolution, was poised to occur. In the Automated Innovation Revolution the process for determining how to acquire and utilize technology for a competitive advantage (which includes R&D) is automated so that it can be executed with unprecedented speed, efficiency and agility.
The use of basic technology is also a feature of other animal species apart from humans. These include primates such as chimpanzees, some dolphin communities, and crows. Considering a more generic perspective of technology as ethology of active environmental conditioning and control, we can also refer to animal examples such as beavers and their dams, or bees and their honeycombs.
Apple has used Imagination’s technology and intellectual property for many years. It has formed the basis of Graphics Processor Units (“GPUs”) in Apple’s phones, tablets, iPods, TVs and watches. Apple has asserted that it has been working on a separate, independent graphics design in order to control its products and will be reducing its future reliance on Imagination’s technology.
noun, plural technologies for 4. 1. the branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation with life, society, and the environment, drawing upon such subjects as industrial arts, engineering, applied science, and pure science. 2. the application of this knowledge for practical ends. 3. the terminology of an art, science, etc.; technical nomenclature. 4. a scientific or industrial process, invention, method, or the like. 5. the sum of the ways in which social groups provide themselves with the material objects of their civilization. Origin of technology Expand Greek 1605-1615 First recorded in 1605-15, technology is from the Greek word technología systematic treatment. See techno-, -logy Related forms Expand antitechnology, noun supertechnology, noun, plural supertechnologies.
Origin of technology Expand Greek 1605-1615 First recorded in 1605-15, technology is from the Greek word technología systematic treatment. See techno-, -logy Related forms Expand antitechnology, noun supertechnology, noun, plural supertechnologies.
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